Basal cells are the cells that are present at base of the epidermis which is the outermost layer of the skin. Any uncontrolled growth of the basal cells can cause basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma is not a very aggressive cancer and in almost all cases basal cell carcinoma does not spread beyond its origin point. But in very rare cases, basal cell carcinoma can metastasize and spread to other parts of the body. There should be no delay in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma because even though basal cell carcinoma is not life threatening it can cause disfigurement. Basal cell carcinoma cannot spread to other parts but may invade the surrounding tissue of the point of its origin. With an early diagnosis, the chances of getting fully cured of basal cell carcinoma are very high.
Basal cell carcinoma can occur on any body part including the torso and the legs. But mostly basal cell carcinoma occurs on the face. Basal cell carcinoma looks like a raised bump, red patch of skin or an open sore. A very important thing to note about basal cell carcinoma is that sometimes their appearance is quite similar to eczema patches on the skin. Therefore, only the best doctor can check and diagnose correctly whether the skin condition is basal cell carcinoma or something else.
Cause of basal cell carcinoma:-
Basal cell carcinoma is generally caused by intense sun exposure. If a person is exposed to sun for a prolonged period of time, then it could trigger basal cell carcinoma. In most cases, basal cell carcinoma keeps affecting the cells but does not show up on the skin. Basal cell carcinoma becomes visible after many years of growing inside the body. A person may get affected by basal cell carcinoma in old age if they were exposed to UV rays in their youth.
So, the main cause of basal cell carcinoma is exposure to UV rays which may be due to exposure to sun or due to rays from a tanning bed.
Signs and symptoms of basal cell carcinoma:-
An odd shaped growth on your skin which may be blackish brown or pink in color could be basal cell carcinoma. This carcinoma growth generally has blood vessels in it. Sometimes, a basal cell carcinoma may manifest itself on the skin like a persistent shiny pimple. Sometimes, basal cell carcinoma may look like a scaly bump or an odd pinkish patch on skin which has a serrated appearance.
Diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma:-
If you observe any bump or odd growth on the skin which is different from your skin color, then you must seek an opinion of the best doctor that you can find. The diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma is done by a skin biopsy which involves a sample of the suspected tissue to be tested in the lab to see for the presence cancerous cells.
Treatment of basal cell carcinoma in India:-
A lot of misconceptions are attached to cancers in India. Many people who suffer from carcinoma think that there is nothing that can be done about it and that all carcinomas are fatal. This cannot be any farther from the truth. Many carcinomas are completely curable. But timely treatment is the key point in the treatment. Sooner the basal cell carcinoma is diagnosed; the chances of complete cure are very high. As the tumor grows bigger in size, more intense treatment plan may be needed. For a case of basal cell carcinoma, the best treatment can be decided by the doctor. A best doctor would not only aim at complete excision of basal cell carcinoma but also think of the residual scar on the skin and try to minimize it. For the best treatment of small tumor, after the surgery nothing much may be needed as the scar may be very small. However, after a larger tumor is excised, the residual skin surface may have to be repaired with skin flaps or grafts. The best treatment plant that will be chosen by the doctor in India will depend upon the size and the location of the carcinoma as well as how far it has spread.
Today, in India at the top hospitals, many best modern treatment techniques are being used. In all major hospitals in Mumbai, some of the surgery treatments include curettage, Mohs surgery and electrodessication. Most metro cities of India like Mumbai are reporting dangerously high numbers of patients who are suffering from cancer. For the treatment of patients in Mumbai, there are several top hospitals which are also providing treatment to numerous patients who come to Mumbai from all over India. Most people in India ignore the symptoms. Many top surveys in India have shown that in many cases cancer becomes fatal because of the delay in the treatment. Significant delay in treatment is one of the biggest problems that patients come with, to the best hospitals in Mumbai. In rural areas of India, major diseases are still associated with superstitions. This causes a lot of cancer deaths in India. Despite the fact that India is on the road to become a medical superpower, still it figures amongst the top few countries which have a high mortality rate due to cancer. The fear of cancer can be decreased if more awareness is spread in India. Since cancer is now becoming more of a lifestyle disorder in India, it is high time that all top hospitals and top doctors of India come together to enlighten people about the taboo of cancer. In Mumbai, some of the best hospitals are now raising awareness through several campaigns and Dr. Debraj Shome who practices in Mumbai is also playing a very big part in spreading awareness in Mumbai and other cities. Dr. Shome who has his professional base in Mumbai feels that spreading more education about the carcinoma in not just Mumbai and other metros, but the smaller cities will make treatments a lot easier. Mumbai is the home to a lot of dedicated hospitals and patients hopeful of getting the best treatment come to Mumbai. From cities like Delhi and Mumbai, strong message can be sent about carcinoma. Many charitable organizations in Mumbai now also provide free cancer treatment to needy patients in Mumbai and rest of India.